대순사상의 태극에 관한 연구 - 주자의 태극과 비교를 중심으로 -
Received: May 31, 2014 ; Accepted: Jul 27, 2014
Published Online: Jun 01, 2017
This thesis strives to identify the peculiarities of Taegeuk (the yin-yang) and the relationships of Ri (reason/cause), Ki (Energy) and Do (duty). The Taegeuk is related with the Sangjekwan (highest ruling entity), Rikiron (noble theory) and the Boncheron (ontology) of the Daesoon Sasang (Daesoon Thoughts) which therefore is a priority research topic. Although said, due to the lack of original materials and the difficulty to understand the topic, the research is insignificant. Within chapter Ⅱ of this thesis, the concept of the Taegeuk, the Rigi and Do from the perspective of Juja is observed. In chapter Ⅲ, the relationship of Moogeuk and the Taegeuk which is mentioned in the foundation origin of the Daesoonjinrihoe. In addition, the Taegeuk and Eumyang’s noble perspectives are observed through the comparison of Juja and Daesoon Sasang. In chapter Ⅳ, the aspects of Taegeuk’s supervision is observed through the noumenality of the Taegeuk which is shown in the Daesoon Sasang along with the concept of mythology.
Within the overall context, the Daesoon Sasang’s ontology has similar structures with Juja’s Taegeuk. This can be stated that Jojeongsan who had found the system of doctrine had not acknowledged Juja’s theories but have rather interpreted Kangjeungsan’s ontology in a Neo-Confucianism to better let the people understand. This can be observed as expediential teachings. The metaphysical Ri and the physical Ki’s separation, and the relationship of matters and functions of the Taegeuk and Do can be stated to be similar within an overall outline in the aspect of the Rikiron. The Taegeuk becomes the primary figure whilst explaining Daesoon Sasang’s Ri/Ki/Do and also becomes the Soiyeon (such reasons). Extreme Do is drawn from the Taegeuk and as Do resembles the trend of the Taegeuk, it is referred as the origin of all the things in the universe. However, Juja vigorously tried to witness God’s notions in a principled, atheistic way. However, the main principle is regarded as divine in the aspect of the universe’s functions and effects in the Daesoon Sasang. The personal Sangjekwan which embodies these profound and mysterious Taegeuk, is Daesoon Sasang’s peculiarity which cannot be found in Neo-Confucianism. Therefore, in the Daesoon Sasang, both the order and character are being regarded in the ontology through personal divine.